domenica 15 gennaio 2012

Oggi ha inizio la visita ufficiale della Relatrice ONU contro la violenza sulle donne in Italia

 Nel 2010 Giuristi Democratici, la rete nazionale dei centri antiviolenza DI.RE e la Piattaforma "30 anni di CEDAW: lavori in corsa" hanno invitato in Italia per una serie di conferenze la Relatrice Speciale ONU contro la violenza maschile sulle donne RASHIDA MANJOO.

Da domani, RASHIDA MANJOO inizierà la sua visita ufficiale in Italia, dove toccherà le città di Roma, Milano, Bologna, Napoli.

Qui di seguito il comunicato di stampa ufficiale e, tratto dal sito ONU, il significato che assume la sua visita ufficiale.

Violence against women / Italy: UN expert announces first fact-finding mission to the country

GENEVA / ROME – United Nations Special Rapporteur Rashida Manjoo will visit Italy from 15 to 26 January 2012 to gather information on the issue of violence against women in the country. This will be the first visit to Italy by an independent expert charged by the UN Human Rights Council to monitor violence against women, its causes and consequences.

“Violence against women remains a grave and persistent problem in the world today,” said Ms. Manjoo, who is visiting the country at the invitation of the Government. “This mission provides me with a unique opportunity to discuss and report on the impact of policies and programmes adopted by Italy to fight the problem.”

The Special Rapporteur’s mandate on violence against women, its causes and consequences includes violence in the family, violence within the community, violence perpetrated or condoned by the State, and violence in the transnational sphere, including violence against refugee, asylum seeking and migrant women.

The Special Rapporteur will travel to Rome, Milan, Bologna and Naples where she will hold discussions with government authorities and representatives of civil society. Among her areas of focus will be issues relating to violence against migrant women including Roma and Sinti women. The Special Rapporteur will also visit shelters and detention centers, and will meet with individual victims of gender-based violence.

A press conference on the initial findings of the visit will be held at the Società Italiana per l’Organizzazione Internazionale (SIOI) in Rome on Thursday 26 January 2012 at 13:00pm.

Based on the information obtained during the visit, Ms. Manjoo will present a report with her final findings and recommendations to the 20th session of the Human Rights Council in June 2012.

Ms. Rashida Manjoo (South Africa) was appointed Special Rapporteur on Violence against women, its causes and consequences in June 2009 by the UN Human Rights Council, for an initial period of three year. As Special Rapporteur, she is independent from any government or organization and serves in her individual capacity. Ms. Manjoo is also a Professor at the Department of Public Law at the University of Cape Town.

For additional information on the mandate of the Special Rapporteur, please visit:
Check the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women:

OHCHR Country Page – Italy

For press inquiries please contact Fabio Graziosi (Tel: +32 (0)2 788 8469 / email: graziosi@unric.org), Selma Vadala (Tel: +41 (0)79-444-4332 / email: svadala@ohchr.org)

For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts:
Xabier Celaya, UN Human Rights Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / xcelaya@ohchr.org)

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Mandate holders carry out country visits to investigate the situation of human rights at the national level. Mandate holders typically send a letter to the Government requesting to visit the country, and, if the Government agrees, an invitation to visit is extended. Some countries have issued "standing invitations", which means that they are, in principle, prepared to receive a visit from any special procedures mandate holder.

During such missions, the experts assess the general human rights situation in a given country, as well as the specific institutional, legal, judicial, administrative and de facto situation under their respective mandates. During the country visit the experts will meet with national and local authorities, including members of the judiciary and parliamentarians; members of the national human rights institution, if applicable; non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations and victims of human rights violations; the UN and other inter-governmental agencies; and the press when giving a press-conference at the end of the mission. After their visits, special procedures' mandate-holders submit a mission report to the Human Rights Council including their findings and recommendations.

Mandate holders at times also visit various International Organizations that have cross-cutting themes with the mandates. For example, official visits were made to the World Bank, FAO, World Trade Organization, World Health Organization etc. and reports on recommendations arising from the visits have been issued.

Terms of Reference for Fact-finding missions by Special Procedures

The terms of reference for country visits were adopted at the fourth annual meeting of the special rapporteurs (E/CN.4/1998/45) and are intended to guide Governments in the conduct of the visit. During fact-finding missions, special procedures of the Human Rights Council, as well as of United Nations staff accompanying them, should be given the following guarantees and facilities by the Government that invited them to visit its country:
(a) Freedom of movement in the whole country, including facilitation of transport, in particular to restricted areas;
(b) Freedom of inquiry, in particular as regards:
(i) Access to all prisons, detention centres and places of interrogation;
(ii) Contacts with central and local authorities of all branches of government;
(iii) Contacts with representatives of non-governmental organizations, other private institutions and the media;
(iv) Confidential and unsupervised contact with witnesses and other private persons, including persons deprived of their liberty, considered necessary to fulfil the mandate of the special rapporteur; and
(v) Full access to all documentary material relevant to the mandate;
(c) Assurance by the Government that persons, whether officials or private individuals, who have been in contact with the special rapporteur/representative in relation to the mandate, will not, as a result, suffer threats, harassment or punishment or be subjected to judicial proceedings;
(d) Appropriate security arrangements without, however, restricting the freedom of movement and inquiry referred to above;
(e) Extension of the same guarantees and facilities mentioned above to the appropriate United Nations staff who will assist the special rapporteur before, during and after the visit.

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